Selecting the type of rose you want in your garden depends on how much you like them, your budget and how you want to display them. I will be detailing these rose types plus the different shapes of roses in this article and in my next article, Classes of Roses – Part B.
There are more roses of the hybrid tea class sold than of any other type. Most of them produce double flowers that have long-pointed buds borne only one to a stem. They flower intermittently and have a much wider range of colors than the older tea roses.
Some of the popular varieties include ‘Chrysler Imperial’, a red color; ‘Tropicana’, a reddish orange hue; ‘Tiffany’, a beautiful pink shade; ‘King’s Ransom’, a wonderful yellow; ‘John F. Kennedy’, a white; ‘Gypsy’, an orange-red hue; and ‘Hawaii’, a coral color.
Flowers in clusters are blooming continuously and in great quantity on the floribunda plant. They were introduced early in the 20th century, and at that time the flowers were borne in large clusters, and most of them were singles or semi-doubles. Many of the varieties today, however, have blossoms much like hybrid teas, although they may be smaller, but they may be singles, semi-doubles, or doubles.
Some popular selections include ‘Sarabande’, a red color; ‘Rosenelfe’, a gorgeous pink; ‘Iceberg’, a beautiful white; ‘Red Gold’, a bi-color; ‘Circus’, a blend of yellow, red, and pink; and ‘Fashion’, a wonderful coral.
Grandifloras are a tall, stately bush with great vigor, and their overall appearance is kind of a cross between that of the hybrid tea and the floribunda. Individual flowers are much like those of the hybrid tea, but they appear several to a stem similar to the floribunda.
Favorite varieties are ‘Queen Elizabeth’, a pink color; ‘Camelot’, a beautiful salmon-coral; ‘Arizona’, a wonderful copper color; ‘Carousel’, a red; and ‘John Armstrong’, a wonderful dark red color.
A few representatives of the once-popular polyantha variety are still represented in catalogs. Their blooms are clusters of small flowers on low plants that bloom intermittently.
Common varieties are ‘The Fairy’, a semi-double pink shade; ‘Cecile Brunner’, a light pink with a hybrid tea form of flower; and ‘Margo Koster’, a coral-orange with round buds and cup-shaped flowers.
The miniature rose plants are small in stature, generally only about 10-15 inches tall, with proportionately sized flowers that are usually semi-double or double. Some will bear flowers that are almost identical to the hybrid teas. Miniatures are particularly suitable for container growing.
Some of the favorites are ‘Red Imp’, a deep crimson color; ‘Pixie Rose’, a rose-pink hue; ‘Baby Gold Star’, a yellow variety; ‘Shooting Star’, a beautiful red-gold; and ‘Cinderella’, a pure white color.