After the Abraham Lincoln proclaimed Emancipation Proclamation all of the black slaves became free. The war, however, went on for a few more years. Once the Union and the Confederate states ceased firing, the country went into the Reconstruction era. During the Reconstruction era the United States attempted to tear down persisting prejudice ideas and make sure that everyone was equal. President Andrew Johnson was placed in charge of the Reconstruction. One of the few things that the former Confederate states had to do to be readmitted into the Union was that they must accept the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. President Johnson’s was very easy on the rebel states and his plan to readmit them did not ensure equality for the former slaves (Jones 503). Jim Crow laws and the Black Codes made it nearly impossible for blacks to be equal with whites. Nonetheless, the emancipation of the slaves was the first step for black civil rights. As years went by blacks were oppressed more and more, but they persisted, especially in the 1960s. Eventually blacks rose up from being the slaves of whites to being equal to the whites. Although everybody is not perfectly equal, the blacks have come a long way since the Reconstruction era.
Similarly, in The Crucible there is also a group of oppressed people who rise above their original status. Puritans society was very oppressive. People mainly had two obligations: God, and work. Puritans believed that anything other than God and work, for instance dancing, was the work of the devil. Also in the social hierarchy girls with poor families were considered only a littler higher than black people. Therefore, in The Crucible, the girls secretly go out at night to dance because they want to have some fun. As soon as they get in trouble, though, the girls accuse people in Salem of being witches. They start out by blaming Tituba, a slave and therefore lower on the social hierarchy than the girls. As time goes on it can be seen that the girls gain more power and esteem in the Supreme Court of the province allowing the girls to be able to accuse people who are high on the social hierarchy, like John Proctor and Rebecca Nurse.
In both the The Crucible and the fight for black civil rights, a group of people were oppressed. As time went on it can be easily seen that these groups of people gained a lot of power from their starting point. The difference between the two is that in The Crucible, used their new spot on the hierarchy for vengeance while the blacks did not. Also blacks could not do this because even though they are held at a higher esteem, compared to the pre-Civil War era, whites are still very much in power and therefore, blacks cannot oppress whites. Ultimately, the fight for black civil rights and The Crucible, are very similar.