During this age children are rapidly growing and changing. They are active and learning many new things. This article will discuss the physical, emotional, and cognitive development of children from the ages of 2 to 3 years old.
Physically kids become very active at this age; my niece loves to run, roll, jump, and wreak havoc all over the place. Climbing is another activity that kids will partake in at this age, and it is fun to watch them climb up and down furniture and playgrounds. During this time children will also become better able to use their hands; they will be able to grasp and hold things much better. Kids at this age will be better able to hold pens and crayons, and they will be able to “open doorknobs” because their ability to twist things has improved (Long, 2009). This is an active and exploring time in a child’s life
Emotional and social changes will be occurring as well during these years. “Temper tantrums are quite common” at this time and saying no is also popular (Long, 2009). This is a time when children develop the need to show their independence, and they will show a lot of negativism. I remember when I was a child and I realized I could say no to my parents. I got in a lot of trouble, but I did it anyway, and kids love to do this. This is also a time when children will start playing with other children in groups, and this negativism should be supervised. At this age children will become able to verbalize emotions more, and this will be a great tool for communicating with your child.
During the ages of two and three children are becoming extreme fluent in language, and they will even learn about “50 new words each month” (Long, 2009). Children of this age range love to talk, but they might speak too quickly or mumble some of their words. “By three years of age, most children will have a vocabulary of about 900 words,” and at this age kids will be using sentences to ask questions and make demands (Long, 2009). When your children are this age it is important to read books with them so that they can identify with basic words they are learning. Vocabulary building at this age is so high that it is important to nurture it.
Children of 2 to 3 years old are very active; they are learning how to communicate more and more everyday, and they are asserting their independence by using negativisms, and being aware of these things can help you nurture your child’s growth.
Long, N. (2009). Children’s development 2-3 years. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_CHILDREN_TWO_THREE/