First you should know that there are two types of diabetes. According to the Mayo Clinic: Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Type 2 diabetes, which is far more common and reaching epidemic proportions, occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin.
Dr. Oz is sounding the alarm on America’s national diabetes epidemic. With the help of Bob Greene, author of The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes, Dr. Oz is challenging you to know your numbers and assess whether you have, or are at risk for, diabetes. Diabetes is becoming an epidemic among our population; so much so that nearly 25 million Americans have already been diagnosed and almost 60 million are at risk; this means diabetes affects approximately 1 out of every 4 Americans. The disease is a killer – and it doesn’t discriminate; children, the overweight and African-Americans have been hit particularly hard by this national epidemic.
However, perhaps the most shocking statistic is that in most cases, it’s absolutely and entirely preventable. If you have a family history of diabetes or are a member one of the high-risk groups mentioned above, then it’s time to know your numbers!
Pre-diabetes is a warning sign. Pre-diabetes is when the glucose (blood sugar) levels aren’t quite high enough to be diagnosed as a diabetes, but they are still higher than normal. Doctors do tests in their office called a glucose tolerance test where they give a patient a sugar load and monitor their levels over a two-hour period. If their sugars do elevate they are considered a pre-diabetic. A pre-diabetic will become a diabetic if they don’t change their lifestyle.
Dr.Oz and Bob Greene were recently at Times Square screening people for diabetes. The A1C test shows your average blood sugar level over the past two or three months. It’s the best way to see how well your type 2 diabetes is controlled. It usually takes two to three months to see changes in your A1C. So, you may get this test two to four times a year, depending on how well your treatment is working. The A1C blood test is usually done at your doctor’s office. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) recommends that people with type 2 diabetes reach an A1C goal of 6.5% or less. Reaching this goal is important, since every 1% increase above 6% raises your risk for diabetes-related complications. You and your doctor will set a goal that’s right for you. If your levels rise above your personal goal, you may need to change your diabetes medicine, or add new medicine and review your treatment plan.
The A1C levels according to diabetes.com give a three month average blood sugar level versus the A1C numbers as: 6% = 135 average daily blood sugar, 7% = 170 average daily blood sugar, 8% = 205 average daily blood sugar, 9% = 240 average daily blood sugar, 10% = 275 average daily blood sugar, 11% = 310 average daily blood sugar and 12% = 345 average daily blood sugar.
Dr. Oz did the A1C test on a man who was at Times Square and brought him on the show. He measured his waist which was 53″ although he claimed to wear a 38″ belt (much lower than his waist would allow) and his A1C was over 12%. Dr. Oz immediately sent him to the emergency room with his friend and fellow writer, Dr. Mike Roizen. He told the gentleman that he was at risk of sudden death due to his numbers and needed to be put on medication immediately. What a wake up call!
Dr. Oz helped promote Bob Greene’s books “Best Life 12-Week Fitness Plan” and “The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes” because Bob has a history of diabetes in his family, as do so many others. I was diagnosed with pre-diabetes about two years ago and have been on two medications to control my blood sugar. So this particular program meant so much to me. So please check out the following websites and take caution to defend yourself against these hidden killers.