Be able to discuss the words “dairy industry” in your own words.
Milk contains: water, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
Review the slides on dairy animals around the world:
What species are consider dairy animal around the world? Which countries had the highest numbers of each species? Discuss the country with the highest exports and why it would have them.
You won’t need to know actual numbers for world dairy animals as the important consideration is knowing relative numbers (where does each species rank in the U.S., the world, our state?).
U.S. Dairy Industry: current trends, what is CWT, dairy exports (two highest countries). [CWT: cooperatives working together…what do they do?]
Which dairy product has increased in consumption over the last 30 years?
Which fluid milk product has increased in consumption the most over the last 40 years? Which has decreased?
Be able to describe some interesting changes that have been occurring recently in the U.S. dairy industry. This is separate from the challenges that the dairy industry faces. Many of the interesting changes are positive changes.
Be able to define “breed” in your own words. Don’t forget that we discussed a larger definition that you will find in the dictionary.
Know the breeds of dairy cows that we discussed in class (Holstein, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Milking Shorthorn, Jersey, Ayrshire). Be able to match the name of the breed to a fact about the breed.
Be able to discuss the reason we would want to keep minor breeds of cattle going throughout the world. Be able to name two minor breeds of cattle used for dairy.
Know the six major breeds of U.S. dairy goats: Alpine, Nubian, La Mancha, Saanen, Toggenburg, Oberhasli
Identify the five major things that a dairy farm needs (as discussed in class). What are they and why are they important?
Be able to talk about different parlor set ups: herringbone, parallel, rotary, etc.
Know the information on the “Where does the milk go?” slide. Be able to follow milk from the cow to the consumer.
Know what the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance does.
Understand the information given in class on Grade A milk. A short answer question may be on the exam.
Be able to discuss the mature equivalent record. What are the factors involved in the record and why do we have an ME record?
Know the terms: rolling herd average, herdmates, yield deviation. Be able to define them.
We visited the Dairy Farm and got to hear the farm manager talk about the dairy. Be able to discuss some of the information he gave us about the robotic milking machines. What sets this dairy apart from others?