Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is also known as ADHD or ADD. There are three “types” or definitions of ADHD.
The CDC describes the types as:
Predominantly Inattentive Type: It is hard for the individual to organize or finish a task, to pay attention to details, or to follow instructions or conversations. The person is easily distracted or forgets details of daily routines.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: The person fidgets and talks a lot. It is hard to sit still for long (e.g., for a meal or while doing homework). Smaller children may run, jump or climb constantly. The individual feels restless and has trouble with impulsivity. Someone who is impulsive may interrupt others a lot, grab things from people, or speak at inappropriate times. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others.
Combined Type: Symptoms of the above two types are equally present in the person.
CDC- ADHD FACTS
While the cause is relatively unknown scientists speculate that ADHD is caused by a number of factors: genetics, brain injury, low birth weight, smoking during pregnancy and possibly environmental exposures such as lead.
Scientists do not believe that ADHD is CAUSED by sugar intake. While sugar intake can play a part in how ADHD presents itself, it is not causing the condition.
Webmd.com offers some statistics on ADHD prevalence:
ADHD afflicts approximately 3% to 5% of school-age children and an estimated 60% of those will maintain the disorder into adulthood.
Prevalence rates for ADHD in adults are not as well determined as rates for children, but fall in the 1% to 5% range.
ADHD affects males at higher rate than females in childhood, but this ratio seems to even out by adulthood.
Adults diagnosed with ADHD have, more likely than not, suffered with ADHD their entire lives. ADHD is considered a childhood condition.
Often, when seaking medical advice a doctor will attempt to determine if the adult likely suffered with ADHD their whole life. The doctor may look at past rank cards from the adults school to see if there were notes on behavior. The doctor may look at classroom performance. Also, family history plays a role in determining if an adult has ADHD.
Adults with ADHD often have difficulty in concentration, completion of tasks, and maintaining interest. A topic that might interest the person at one moment, may be thrown aside or discarded moments later. Schooling can be particularly difficult for an adult with ADHD. Concentration and focus are lacking and maintaining interest to reach one’s goals becomes increasingly difficult to the point where it is almost impossible.
ADHD is usually treated with a combination of medications and behavioral therapies. Sometimes these techniques are effective, sometimes they are not. This depends on the level of severity of the ADHD.
Techniques to help an adult with ADHD could be:
Control impulsive behavior (easier said than done)
Find outlets for excess energy
Ask for help
Learning to adapt and adjust to ADHD is difficult but can be done. Appropriate support systems like family and friends makes a big difference.