The Ohio Graduation Test (OGT) is a gatekeeper for Ohio students. They must pass all five sections of the test to get a high school diploma. So preparing for the test is a very good idea; teens should begin to review 2 -3 weeks before test day.
A few facts about the OGT mathematics test:
The OGT contains multiple choice, short-answer and extended-response questions. The short-answer and extended-response questions require students to write explanations for their work or their solutions to math problems. Teens must be ready to explain answers, not just calculate.
The OGT follows both state and national mathematics standards by including questions on data analysis and probability; geometry and spatial sense; measurement; number sense and operations; and patterns, functions and algebra.
The school will provide two tools for each student: a reference sheet with formulas that may be needed for the test and a calculator.
Students have a maximum of 2 ½ hours to complete the test.
Practice using the OGT calculator – Students may use the OGT calculator in class before test day; make sure students have used or will use the calculator in class or at home. A nervous teen facing a new device may not use it properly.
Take a practice test – The first link below is to practice materials provided by the state of Ohio. Review those problems for an OGT preview.
Plan to work out the solutions to all problems on paper – Sometimes students attempt to work problems only “in their heads”. This practice will lead to errors.
Don’t spend time memorizing formulas. The sheet provided on test day will give all the formulas needed.
Sketch – Any problem that involves geometric figures (the perimeter of a garden or the area of a rug, for example) should be visualized by making a drawing. Students may sketch and calculate on the test itself. A sketch will enable the student to visualize the situation and develop a better answer.
Keep going – Problems are not in order of difficulty on the OGT. If a student cannot solve one problem, he or she should make a good guess and keep going. There is no penalty for guessing, so students should not leave questions unanswered. Also, keep in mind that students can miss many questions on the math portion of the OGT and still pass. Students who feel they are not doing well should keep trying; they might be pleasantly surprised when test scores arrive.
Begin to review weeks before the test – If some of the math is confusing, the teacher will have time to schedule a tutoring session to help. Students who review only the night before and need help the morning of the test are often disappointed. Teens should consider attending any practice and tutoring sessions held after school.
Review these key math concepts for OGT: complementary and supplementary angles; factorial; types of triangles, including rules for right triangles; metric measurement; rules for adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing exponents; basic probability; types of quadrilaterals; corresponding, alternate interior and alternate exterior angles; transformation; similar and congruent triangles; functions; box and whisker plot; histogram; scatter plot; fundamental counting principle; slope; slope-intercept; quadratic equations; direct and inverse variation; mean, median, and mode; range;
Find a simple study tool that works for you – See the second link below for flashcards that match Ohio standards and are a good review for the test. Teens who study regularly and seek help from the teacher for problem areas will be well prepared on test day.
Finally, teens must go to bed early the night before and gets to school on time on OGT day. A sleepy student is at a distinct disadvantage when testing.