The Pueblo Revival house style, also known as the Adobe style, is prominent throughout the American southwest but has its roots in the rural areas of the Mediterranean. Pueblo Revival homes, or Adobe home styles, became popular in the United States during the 1900s, and are distinguished by their flat roofs, rounded corners, Spanish style posts and spacious porches. Pueblo Revival house styles and Adobe house plans are commonly used to build large family homes and estate properties in New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and some parts of California.
Brief History of the Pueblo Revival House Style
The basic framework and structure of the Pueblo or Adobe house style is based on the large homes adapted by Spanish settlers in New Mexico and Arizona during the 17th and 18th centuries. The homes during this period were built with red earth and natural stone, and were very cool inside with their dark interiors and brick floors. Many homes were built with courtyards, flat roofs and adobe-brick walls that now embody the southwestern architectural style.
There are several variations of the traditional Native American Pueblo style. The Santa Fe Style is found throughout New Mexico. The Territorial Pueblo style home has square corners instead of the traditional rounded corners, and the windows are framed. These are found throughout Texas, Arizona, and some parts of New Mexico. The Pueblo Deco style is designed with Native American designs, hand-painted accents and geometric patterns and is the more ‘traditional’ Pueblo style.
Modern versions of the classic Adobe house plan and Pueblo Revival homes are designed without the geometric patterns and designs, with simple lines and may be made with stucco or brick instead of adobe building materials.
Interior Features of the Pueblo Revival House Style
Most Pueblo Revival homes are decorated with Southwest-inspired décor and Native American furnishings and decorations such as handmade rugs, sculptures, clay pots and crafts. Key interior features of the Pueblo Revival house style include:
– Brick or flagstone flooring throughout
– Beehive corner fireplace
– Rounded parapet
– Carved niches for storing decorations and religious sculptures
– Heavy timbers extending through the walls
– Unpainted wood columns
– Poles placed in angled patterns across the ceiling
Exterior Features of the Pueblo Revival House Style
The Adobe house plan, or Pueblo Revival home, is an eco-friendly home design because much of the house is made from natural materials found throughout the desert region. These homes are designed for very hot and dry climates, and remain cool inside year round. Some of the key exterior features of the Pueblo Revival house style include:
– Completely flat roofs with no overhang
– Round-edged walls
– Small, simple windows
– Benches that protrude from the walls for outdoor seating
-Heavy wooden doors
– Spacious enclosed patios
– Decorative corbels