The Yellowhammer State:
Located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordered by Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and Mississippi, and unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, Alabama is ranked thirtieth in total land area, with approximately 52,423 square miles, and second in size of its inland waterways.
Heart of Dixie:
Believed to have originated from the Choctaw language, the “Heart of Dixie” name comes from the Alabama Muskogean Tribe that resided below the Coosa and Tallapossa River conjunction on the upper Alabama River. Other Native American Tribes that populated the state of Alabama at one time included the Creek, Koasati, Mobile, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee, who traded with the northeastern portion of the United States by way of the Ohio River.
In 1819 Alabama became the twenty-second state admitted to the Union, with settlers arriving rapidly to farm the fertile soil the state provided, and cotton becoming the King crop. Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America contributing approximately 120,000 soldiers to the Civil War. After Reconstruction, Alabama was restored back into the Union in 1868.
About three-fifths of Alabama can be found to be a gentle Plain descending towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Northern Alabama is a mostly mountainous region where the Tennessee River cuts a large valley forming numerous creeks, lakes, streams, and rivers.
Alabama’s elevation ranges from sea level at Mobile, to more than 1800 feet in the Appalachian Mountains in the northeast section of the state. Mount Cheaku, northwest of Delta, at a height of 2407 feet tall, is Alabama’s highest point.
National Park Service Areas:
National Park Service Areas in the Yellowhammer State include the Little River Canyon National Preserve near Fort Payne, the Horseshoe Bend National Military Park near Alexander City, the Tuskegee Airmans National Historic Site, and the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, both of which can be found in Tuskegee, and the Russell Cave National Monument in Bridgeport.
Alabama possesses more than 22 million acres of forested areas, and four National Forests, including Talledega, Tuskegee, William B. Bankhead, and Conecuh.
Points Of Interest:
Points of Interest in Alabama include the 444-mile long Natchez Parkway, the Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail, the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, and the longest Natural Bridge east of the Rocky Mountains, which can be found south of Haleyville.
Located in the heart of Dixie Alley, with a Humid Subtropical Climate, and founded in 1871 after the Civil War, Birmingham is the largest city in the state of Alabama.
Occupying Jones Valley, with Red Mountain to the South, and Sand Mountain to the North, Birmingham was the major Southern center of the Industrial United States, with iron and steel dominating production.
Becoming known as the “Pittsburgh of the South,” and as the “Magic City,” Birmingham remains an important Southeastern business center with strong medicine, publishing, biotechnical, insurance, and banking industries.
In 1702, Mobile, the third most heavily populated city in the southeastern United States, began as the first capital of French Louisiana, and remained a Colony of France for its first 100 years, passing to the British, and the Spanish, along the way.
Mobile became a part of the United States In 1813, and left the Union in 1861, when Alabama seceded.
The tenth largest port in the United States, Mobile is the only seaport in the state of Alabama.
With a mild Subtropical Climate, and dating back to the 1700s, Mobile is famous for having the oldest organized Carnival Celebrations in the United States.
Located in the Tennessee River Valley, Huntsville was settled in 1805, and Incorporated in 1811, as Twickenham, then renamed during the War of 1812.
With a mild tropical climate, Huntsville is surrounded by several plateaus, including the Cumberland Plateau, Round Top, Chapman, Huntsville, Monte Sano Mountain, the Green Mountains, Rainbow Mountain, Madkin Mountain, and Brindlee Mountain.
Huntsville is the home of the United States Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, and NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.
Located in the Gulf Coastal Plain, southeast of the center of the state, Montgomery is the capital, and second most heavily populated Alabama city. Montgomery is also the fourth largest metropolitan area in the southern United States.
Incorporated in 1819, Montgomery became the first capital of the Confederate States of America in February 1861. Montgomery has been the site of the Selma to Montgomery Marches, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and the Civil Rights Movement.
Montgomery has a Humid Subtropical Climate, short Springs, hot Summers, mild Falls, and mostly moderate Winters, allowing peanuts, soybeans, and cotton to flourish abundantly as the main crops grown.
Ranking as Alabama’s fifth largest city, Tuscaloosa, located in west-central Alabama, with a Southern Subtropical Climate, and four distinct seasons, is found along the Black Warrior River.
Industry, healthcare, education, and commerce for west Alabama flourish in Tuscaloosa, which was Incorporated on December 13, 1819, one day before Alabama became a state.
The United States Series I am writing here on associatedcontent.com provides an indepth look at all fifty States that make up this GREAT Country of ours and their five largest cities:
The current list of Articles for the United States Series I have published to date includes:
Alaska – The Land of the Midnight Sun
Arizona – The Valley of the Sun
Arkansas – People of the South Wind
California – the Golden Gate, Earthquakes and Grizzly Bears
Colorful Colorado – The Rocky Mountains, Skiing, and High Technology
Connecticut – The Land of Steady Habits
Delaware – The Small Wonder
Florida – The Snowbirds R Us State
Georgia – Goobers, Peaches, and Buzzards
Hawaii – Luaus, Pineapples, and Beaches
Idaho – The Gem of the Mountains and Potatoes State
Illinois – Mining, Factories, and Labor Unions
Indiana – Land of Steel and Ducks
Iowa – The Ethanol and Food Capital of the World
Bleeding Kansas America’s Flattest State
Kentucky – The Land of Tomorrow
Louisiana – The Child of the Mississippi
Maine – Lobsters, Lighthouses, and Black Bears
Maryland – The “Oh Say Can You See State”
Massachusetts – The Cradle of Liberty”
Michigan – the Automotive State
Minnesota – The Bread and Butter State
Mississippi – Where Cotton Was King
Comments from readers are always welcome so let me know what you think about these Articles.
This article was compiled from websites that provide much more information on Alabama including:
netstate.com, infoplease.com, geonames.org, answers.com, and hubpages.com.