A bigger cave dwelling community existed in Walnut Canyon, Colorado. The architects then carved through 600 feet of the canyon eventually joining the Little Colorado River. The walls expose limestone deposits in the cliffs. There is also cococino sandstone. The complex has more rooms but aren’t perched high on the canyon. The amazing Sinaguans have constructed this marvel.
The early Sinaguans built pit houses. The houses built later were similar to pueblo architecture. They subsisted on hunting and farming. Their communities were always built near the water source. They have also developed their techniques to shape the landscape around them. They seem to have lived in a tightly knit community. Their culture and spirituality are shown in the petroglyphs on their walls. Some of these petroglyphs resemble crop circles.
Not much is known on what happened to these people. The Spanish called them Sinagua from the word that means without water. They must have observed that these people left their dwellings once the water supply runs out. Other speculations include the communities left their towns for spiritual reasons. I am more inclined to believe that they left because of water. There is a Sinaguan petroglyph that looks like a snafu traveling inwards a square. It probably means a spring or some source of water like a subterranean spring. Perhaps the concentric circle means water the square petroglyph means the life source of a dwelling. There are many other symbols that are shamanic proving that the Sinaguans had high spirituality.
This civilization just disappeared with hardly any evidence showing why. Some Hopi clans believe they are descendants of Sinaguan immigrants. There are many possibilities. They could have migrated elsewhere and were assimilated by the local population that took them in. They could have been reduced by drought, famine, or warfare. They could have ended up as captives of Spanish conquistadors. Perhaps there was an internal struggle over issues of spirituality. Perhaps family values evolved and changed the culture permanently so the orientation of how human spaces should be built changed as well.
Whatever the reason, much of what they left behind are unmatched by the succeeding generation of Indians. Perhaps their style of building communities would no longer apply in the ever changing world. It would be a great cultural contribution to find out the history of this ancient civilization. They were indeed the nameless and marvelous architects in the old world.
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