The benefits of planting trees for shade are many. Not only do they provide natural beauty, but they also reduce cooling costs in the summer (and year round in warm climates) by blocking out the sunlight and soaking up some of the rays. They reduce the heat reflected from asphalt and concrete by absorbing carbon dioxide and converting it to oxygen. Fresh oxygen and less carbon dioxide are great for you, the environment, and wildlife.
When you plant trees for shade, you also increase your property value. A large northern red oak situated in a prominent place in your front yard creates a stunning picture. Any new homebuyer would covet such a magnificent beauty.
To successfully plant trees for shade, choose the type that matches the growing conditions in your area. Consider soil drainage, soil type, and available sunlight. Remember that the branches will grow in many directions. If you live in a windy place or an area that is prone to thunderstorms or hurricanes, it is not a good idea to choose a location too close to your home where the branches may one day fall on your roof. Branches that hang too close to a window also provide temptation for burglars to gain easy access to your home. Watch out for power lines, fire hydrants, and ground utilities too. Don’t forget about the roots. They will spread far and wide to support the trunk, so do not choose a location too close to your driveway (or your neighbor’s!) unless you want to pay for repairs later. Consider sidewalks, foundations, and septic systems as well when choosing your location.
Take into account the size of your home versus the size of the trees for shade. If you choose some that are too big, they may dwarf a smaller home in comparison.
Here is a short list of options to consider as you look for trees for shade:
* Red maple-There are many different variations of red maple, and they are each perhaps the best choices for gorgeous fall color. It is a fast-growing tree that with a trunk size that reaches 3 to 5 feet in diameter. It grows in low lands and in a rainy climate. This tree is not for areas prone to drought or very hot, dry weather.
* Northern red oak-This tree is known for its strength and brilliant autumn colors. Its water requirements are moderate and it does best in well-drained soil. Its branches tend to hang low near the ground, so this oak is not usually a problem for windy areas.
* The green ash is a medium-sized tree that boasts rich green foliage. In the fall its leaves become a beautiful yellow. It is very adaptable to many soil and moisture conditions, able to withstand drought, excessive moisture, and wind. Sometimes used for windbreaks and shelterbelts, this is one hardy tree.
The crown is densely rounded or irregular, with upswept branches throughout the rest. The leaf stems are velvety and leaflets lance-shaped.